Why am I using LEXAPRO?

LEXAPRO contains the active ingredient escitalopram. LEXAPRO is used to treat depression.For more information, see Section 1. Why am I using LEXAPRO? in the full CMI.

What should I know before I use LEXAPRO?

Do not use if you have ever had an allergic reaction to Escitalopram or any of the ingredients listed at the end of the CMI.
Talk to your doctor if you have any other medical conditions, take any other medicines, or are pregnant or plan to become pregnant or are breastfeeding. For more information, see Section 2. What should I know before I use LEXAPRO? in the full CMI.

What if I am taking other medicines?

Some medicines may interfere with LEXAPRO and affect how it works.A list of these medicines is in Section 3. What if I am taking other medicines? in the full CMI.

How do I use LEXAPRO?

Your doctor will decide what dose you will receive.
The standard dose for this medicine is 10 mg per day. This may be increased by your doctor to 20 mg per day.
More instructions can be found in Section 4. How do I use LEXAPRO? in the full CMI.

What should I know while using LEXAPRO?

Things you should do
Remind any doctor, dentist or pharmacist you visit that you are using LEXAPRO.
If you become pregnant while taking LEXAPRO, tell your doctor immediately.
Tell your doctor immediately if you have thoughts about killing yourself.
Things you should not do
Do not stop using this medicine suddenly, or lower the dosage without telling your doctor.
Do not give the oral solution to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not let yourself run out of medicine over the weekend or on holidays.
Driving or using machines
Be careful before you drive or use any machines or tools until you know how LEXAPRO affects you.
LEXAPRO may cause visual disturbance (such as blurred vision), nausea, fatigue, and dizziness in some people, especially early in the treatment. If you have any of these symptoms, do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous.
Drinking alcohol
Tell your doctor if you drink alcohol.
It is not advisable to drink alcohol while you are being treated for depression.
Looking after your medicine
Store it in a cool dry place below 25°C, away from moisture, heat or sunlight.
Keep your oral solution in the original packaging, in a safe place, away from children.
For more information, see Section 5. What should I know while using LEXAPRO? in the full CMI.

Are there any side effects?

Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you: decreased appetite or loss of appetite, dry mouth, diarrhoea, nausea, sleeplessness, fatigue, sleepiness or drowsiness, yawning, increased sweating, sexual disturbances. Tell your doctor immediately, or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital, if you notice any of the following: thoughts of harming yourself or thoughts of suicide, serious allergic reaction, high fever, agitation, confusion, trembling and abrupt contractions of muscles, mania, hallucinations, seizures, tremors, movement disorders, fast, irregular heart beat.
For more information, including what to do if you have any side effects, see Section 6. Are there any side effects? in the full CMI.
Active ingredient(s): [Escitalopram oxalate] (ES-sigh-talo-pram OX-a-late)
Consumer Medicine Information (CMI)
This leaflet provides important information about using LEXAPRO. You should also speak to your doctor or pharmacist if you would like further information or if you have any concerns or questions about using LEXAPRO.
Where to find information in this leaflet:

Why am I using LEXAPRO?

LEXAPRO contains the active ingredient escitalopram oxalate. LEXAPRO belongs to a group of medicines called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). They are thought to work by their actions on brain chemicals called amines which are involved in controlling mood.
LEXAPRO is used to treat depression.
Depression is longer lasting or more severe than the "low moods" everyone has from time to time due to the stress of everyday life. It is thought to be caused by a chemical imbalance in parts of the brain. This imbalance affects your whole body and can cause emotional and physical symptoms such as feeling low in spirit, loss of interest in activities, being unable to enjoy life, poor appetite or overeating, disturbed sleep, often waking up early, loss of sex drive, lack of energy and feeling guilty over nothing.
LEXAPRO corrects this chemical imbalance and may help relieve the symptoms of depression.
LEXAPRO may also be used to treat patients who may avoid and/or are fearful of social situations.
LEXAPRO may also be used to treat patients who have excessive anxiety and worry.
LEXAPRO may also be used to treat irrational fears or obsessional behaviour (obsessive-compulsive disorder). Obsessive-compulsive disorder involves having both obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are unwanted thoughts that occur over and over again. Compulsions are the ongoing need to repeat certain actions as a result of these thoughts.
Your doctor, however, may prescribe it for another purpose.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why it has been prescribed for you.

What should I know before I use LEXAPRO?

Warnings

Do not use LEXAPRO if:

you are allergic to escitalopram oxalate, citalopram, or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet. Always check the ingredients to make sure you can use this medicine.
The packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.

Check with your doctor if you:

have allergies to any other substances such as foods, preservatives or dye.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body, or rash, itching or hives on the skin.
are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
have any other medical conditions.
take any medicines for any other condition.
If you have, or have had any of the following conditions, tell your doctor before starting LEXAPRO.
a tendency to bleed or bruise easily, or if you are pregnant (see ‘Pregnancy and breastfeeding’)
diabetes
heart disease
kidney disease
liver disease
bipolar disorder (manic depression)
a history of seizures or fits
restlessness and/or a need to move often
raised intraocular pressure (fluid pressure in the eye), or if you are at risk of angle-closure glaucoma.
you are receiving electroconvulsive therapy
During treatment, you may be at risk of developing certain side effects. It is important you understand these risks and how to monitor for them. See additional information under Section 6. Are there any side effects?
Do not take LEXAPRO at the same time as the following other medicines:
pimozide, a medicine used to treat mental disorders.
monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), such as phenelzine, tranylcypromine and moclobemide which are also used for the treatment of depression.
monoamine oxidase inhibitors such as linezolid which is an antibiotic and selegiline which is used in the treatment of Parkinson's Disease.
One day must elapse after you have finished taking moclobemide before you start taking LEXAPRO. If you have taken any other MAOI you will need to wait 14 days. After stopping LEXAPRO you must allow 14 days before taking any MAOI including moclobemide.
Taking LEXAPRO with MAOIs may cause a serious reaction with a sudden increase in body temperature, extremely high blood pressure and severe convulsions. Your doctor will know when it is safe to start LEXAPRO after the MAOI has been stopped.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

Check with your doctor if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
Medicines like LEXAPRO have been shown to reduce the quality of sperm in animal studies, which theoretically could affect fertility. If you are intending to start a family, ask your doctor for advice.
When taken during pregnancy, particularly in the last three months of pregnancy, medicines like LEXAPRO may affect the general condition of your newborn baby and may increase the risk of a serious condition in babies, called persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), making the baby breathe faster and appear bluish. These symptoms usually begin during the first 24 hours after the baby is born. If this happens to your baby, you should contact your doctor and/or midwife immediately.
If you take LEXAPRO near the end of your pregnancy there may be an increased risk of heavy vaginal bleeding shortly after birth, especially if you have a history of bleeding disorders. Your doctor or midwife should be aware that you are taking LEXAPRO so they can advise you.
If used during pregnancy LEXAPRO should never be stopped abruptly.
Talk to your doctor if you are breastfeeding or intend to breastfeed. It is not recommended that you breastfeed while taking Lexapro unless you and your doctor have discussed the risks and benefits . It passes into breast milk and therefore there is a possibility that your baby might be affected.

LEXAPRO use in children and adolescents

Do not give LEXAPRO to a child or adolescent.
There is no experience with its use in children or adolescents under 18 years old.

LEXAPRO use in the elderly

LEXAPRO can be given to elderly patients over 65 years of age with a reduced dose.
The effects of LEXAPRO in elderly patients are similar to those in other patients.
The recommended maximum dose in elderly patients is 10 mg per day.

What if I am taking other medicines?

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any medicines, vitamins or supplements that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines and LEXAPRO may interfere with each other and affect how they work. These include:
Medicines used to treat nicotine dependence (e.g. bupropion)
Medicines used to treat reflux and ulcers such as
Cimetidine
Omeprazole
Esomeprazole
Lansoprazole
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), known to prolong bleeding (e.g. aspirin and other NSAIDs)
Medicines used to prevent blood clots such as
Ticlopidine
Warfarin
Anti-fungal medicines (e.g. fluconazole)
Anti-malaria medicines (e.g. mefloquine)
Medicines used to treat migraines (e.g. sumatriptan)
Medicines used to relieve pain (e.g. tramadol)
Medicines affecting chemicals in the brain
Some heart medicines such as
Flecainide
Propafenone
Metoprolol
Amino acids (e.g. tryptophan)
Medicines used to treat mood swings and some types of depression (e.g. lithium)
Antipsychotics, a class of medicines use to treat certain mental and emotional disorders such as
Risperidone
Thioridazine
Haloperidol
Tricyclic anti-depressants such as
Imipramine
Desipramine
St John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum), a herbal remedy
Any other medicines for depression, anxiety obsessive-compulsive disorder or pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder.
These medicines may be affected by LEXAPRO, or may affect how well it works. You may need to use different amounts of your medicines, or take different medicines. Your doctor will advise you.
Some combinations of medicines may increase the risk of serious side effects and are potentially life threatening.
Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure about what medicines, vitamins or supplements you are taking and if these affect LEXAPRO.

How do I use LEXAPRO?

How much to take

Your doctor will decide what dose you will receive.
The standard dose for this medicine is 10 mg per day. This may be increased by your doctor to 20 mg per day.
The recommended maximum dose in elderly patients is 10 mg per day.
It is recommended that patients with liver disease receive an initial dose of 5 mg daily for the first two weeks. Your doctor may increase the dose to 10 mg daily.
A 5 mg dose can be delivered by measuring 5 drops of LEXAPRO oral solution 20 mg/mL.
A 10 mg dose can be delivered by measuring 10 drops of LEXAPRO oral solution 20 mg/mL.
A 20 mg dose can be delivered by measuring 20 drops of LEXAPRO oral solution 20 mg/mL.
Your doctor may have prescribed a different dose
Follow the instructions provided and use LEXAPRO until your doctor tells you to stop.

When to take LEXAPRO

LEXAPRO should be taken as a single dose either in the morning or the evening.
Take LEXAPRO with or without food.

How to take LEXAPRO

Oral solution 20 mg/mL: Turn the bottle completely upside down. If no drops come out, tap the bottle lightly to start the flow.

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Count the required number of drops into your drink (water, orange juice or apple juice), stir it briefly and then drink all of it.
Do not mix the LEXAPRO oral solution with other liquids and do not mix them with other medicinal products.

How long to take it

Continue to take LEXAPRO even if it takes some time before you feel any improvement in your condition.
As with other medicines for the treatment of these conditions it may take a few weeks before you feel any improvement.
Individuals will vary greatly in their response to LEXAPRO. Your doctor will check your progress at regular intervals.
The duration of treatment may vary for each individual but is usually at least 6 months.
In some cases, the doctor may decide that longer treatment is necessary.
Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you, even if you begin to feel better.
The underlying illness may persist for a long time and if you stop your treatment too soon, your symptoms may return.
Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly.
If LEXAPRO is stopped suddenly you may experience mild, but usually temporary, symptoms such as dizziness, pins and needles, electric shock sensations, sleep disturbances (vivid dreams, inability to sleep), feeling anxious or agitated, headaches, feeling sick (nausea), vomiting, sweating, tremor (shaking), feeling confused, feeling emotional or irritable, diarrhoea, visual disturbances, or fast or irregular heartbeats.
When you have completed your course of treatment, the dose of LEXAPRO is gradually reduced over a couple of weeks rather than stopped abruptly.
Your doctor will tell you how to reduce the dosage so that you do not get these unwanted effects.

If you forget to use LEXAPRO

LEXAPRO should be used regularly at the same time each day. If you miss your dose at the usual time, and remember in less than 12 hours, take it straight away, and then go back to taking it as you would normally.
If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you missed.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you have trouble remembering when to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for hints.

If you use too much LEXAPRO

If you think that you have used too much LEXAPRO, you may need urgent medical attention.
Symptoms of an overdose may include dizziness, low blood pressure, nausea (feeling sick), vomiting, agitation, tremor (shaking) and rarely convulsions and coma.
You should immediately:
phone the Poisons Information Centre
( by calling 13 11 26), or
contact your doctor, or
go to the Emergency Department at your nearest hospital.
You should do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.

What should I know while using LEXAPRO?

Things you should do

If you are about to be started on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking LEXAPRO.
Tell any other doctors, dentists and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking this medicine.
If you become pregnant while taking LEXAPRO, tell your doctor and/or midwife immediately.
Persons taking LEXAPRO may be more likely to think about killing themselves or actually trying to do so, especially when LEXAPRO is first started or the dose is changed. Tell your doctor immediately if you have thoughts about killing yourself or if you are close to or care for someone using LEXAPRO who talks about or shows signs of killing him or herself.
All mentions of suicide or violence must be taken seriously.
Occasionally, the symptoms of depression may include thoughts of suicide or self-harm. It is possible that these symptoms continue or get worse until the full antidepressant effect of the medicine becomes apparent. This is more likely to occur if you are a young adult, i.e. 18 to 24 years of age, and you have not used antidepressant medicines before.
Patients and care givers should pay attention for any of the following warning signs of suicide-related behaviour while taking LEXAPRO. Tell your doctor immediately, or even go to the nearest hospital for treatment:
thoughts or talk of death or suicide
thoughts or talk of self-harm or harm to others
any recent attempts of self-harm
increase in aggressive behaviour, irritability or agitation
Tell your doctor immediately if you experience symptoms such as restlessness or difficulty in sitting or standing still.
These symptoms can occur during the first weeks of treatment.
Contact your doctor as soon as possible if you suddenly experience an episode of mania.
Some patients with bipolar disorder (manic depression) may enter into a manic phase. This is characterised by profuse and rapidly changing ideas, exaggerated gaiety and excessive physical activity.
Sometimes you may be unaware of the above-mentioned symptoms and therefore you may find it helpful to ask a friend or relative to help you to observe the possible signs of change in your behaviour.

Call your doctor straight away if you experience:

difficulties urinating
seizures (fits)
yellowing of the skin and the white in the eyes are signs of liver function impairment/hepatitis
become pregnant while taking LEXAPRO
have thoughts about killing yourself or if you are close to or care for someone using LEXAPRO who talks about or shows signs of killing him or herself
experience symptoms such as restlessness or difficulty in sitting or standing still
suddenly experience an episode of mania
Remind any doctor, dentist, or pharmacist you visit that you are using LEXAPRO.

Things you should not do

Do not give the oral solution to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not take LEXAPRO to treat any other complaints unless your doctor tells you to.
Do not stop taking this medicine or change the dose without consulting your doctor, even if you experience increased anxiety at the beginning of treatment.
At the beginning of treatment, some patients may experience increased anxiety which will disappear during continued treatment.
Do not let yourself run out of medicine over the weekend or on holidays.
Suddenly stopping LEXAPRO may cause unwanted discontinuation symptoms such as dizziness, sensory disturbances, sleep disturbances, agitation or anxiety tremor, confusion, sweating, headache, diarrhoea, palpitations, emotional instability, irritability, visual disturbances and nausea. Your doctor will tell you when and how LEXAPRO should be discontinued. Your doctor will gradually reduce the amount you are using, usually over a period of one to two weeks, before stopping completely.

Driving or using machines

Be careful before you drive or use any machines or tools until you know how LEXAPRO affects you.
LEXAPRO may cause visual disturbance (such as blurred vision), nausea, fatigue, and dizziness in some people, especially early in the treatment. If you have any of these symptoms, do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous.

Drinking alcohol

Tell your doctor if you drink alcohol.
It is not advisable to drink alcohol while you are being treated for depression.

Looking after your medicine

Follow the instructions in the carton on how to take care of your medicine properly.
Keep your oral solution in the original pack until it is time to take it. If you take your oral solution out of the pack, it may not keep well.
Store it in a cool dry place below 25˚C away from moisture, heat or sunlight; for example, do not store it:
in the bathroom or near a sink, or
in the car or on window sills.
Discard LEXAPRO oral solution 20 mg/mL 8 weeks after first opening.
Keep it where young children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.

Getting rid of any unwanted medicine

If you no longer need to use this medicine or it is out of date, take it to any pharmacy for safe disposal.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date.

Are there any side effects?

All medicines can have side effects. If you do experience any side effects, most of them are minor and temporary. However, some side effects may need medical attention.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking LEXAPRO.
It helps most people with depression, social anxiety disorder (social phobia), generalised anxiety disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder, but it may have unwanted side effects in a few people.
The side effects of LEXAPRO are, in general, mild and disappear after a short period of time.
See the information below and, if you need to, ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any further questions about side effects.

Less serious side effects

Less serious side effects
What to do
decreased appetite or loss of appetite
dry mouth
diarrhoea
nausea (feeling sick)
sleeplessness
fatigue, sleepiness or drowsiness, yawning
increased sweating
sexual disturbances (decreased sexual drive; problems with ejaculation or erection; women may experience difficulties achieving orgasm)
Speak to your doctor if you have any of these less serious side effects and they worry you.

Serious side effects

Serious side effects
What to do
agitation, confusion, panic attacks*, anxiety, restlessness*
dizziness
dizziness when you stand up due to low blood pressure*
fast heart rate or decrease in heart rate or irregular heartbeat
low sodium levels in the blood (the symptoms are feeling sick and unwell with weak muscles or feeling confused) *
abnormal liver function tests (increased amounts of liver enzymes in the blood) *
difficulties urinating*
unusual secretion of breast milk*
bleeding disorders including skin and mucous bleeding (e.g. bruising*) and a low level of blood platelets*
Heavy vaginal bleeding shortly after birth (postpartum haemorrhage), see ‘Pregnancy and breast-feeding’ in section 2 for more information
rash, itching, patches of circumscribed swellings
an increased risk of bone fractures has been observed in patients taking this type of medicine*
thoughts of harming yourself or thoughts of suicide*
serious allergic reaction (symptoms of an allergic reaction may include swelling of the face, lips, mouth, or throat which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing, or hives)
high fever, agitation, confusion, trembling and abrupt contractions of muscles (these symptoms may be signs of a rare condition called serotonin syndrome) *
mania (i.e.: elevated mood and associated symptoms) *
hallucinations
seizures, tremors, movement disorders (involuntary movements of the muscles) *
fast, irregular heartbeat with feelings of dizziness or difficulty breathing
Call your doctor straight away, or go straight to the Emergency Department at your nearest hospital if you notice any of these serious side effects.
*The side effects marked with an asterisk (*) are a number of rare side effects that are known to occur with medicines that work in a similar way to LEXAPRO.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything else that may be making you feel unwell.
Other side effects not listed here may occur in some people.

Reporting side effects

After you have received medical advice for any side effects you experience, you can report side effects to the Therapeutic Goods Administration online at www.tga.gov.au/reporting-problems . By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
Always make sure you speak to your doctor or pharmacist before you decide to stop taking any of your medicines.

Product details

This medicine is only available with a doctor's prescription.

What LEXAPRO contains

Active ingredient
(main ingredient)
LEXAPRO oral solution 20 mg/mL:
Each mL (20 drops) contains 20 mg escitalopram (as oxalate). One drop contains 1 mg escitalopram (as oxalate).
Other ingredients
(inactive ingredients)
propyl gallate
citric acid
ethanol/alcohol
sodium hydroxide
purified water
Potential allergens
LEXAPRO does not contain lactose, gluten, sucrose, tartrazine or any other azo dyes.
Excipient with known effect
Ethanol
Do not take this medicine if you are allergic to any of these ingredients.

What LEXAPRO looks like

LEXAPRO oral solution is a clear, nearly colourless to yellowish solution (AUST R 209721).
LEXAPRO oral solution 20 mg/mL is presented in a brown glass bottle containing 15 mL with a dropper applicator and childproof screw cap.

Who distributes LEXAPRO

LEXAPRO is made by H. Lundbeck A/S, Denmark.
Distributed in Australia by:
Lundbeck Australia Pty Ltd
Ground Floor, 1 Innovation Road
North Ryde NSW 2113
Ph: +61 2 8669 1000
This leaflet was prepared in August 2021.